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Basidiomycetes within forests - how do Basidiomycetes grow?

Saprotrophic basidiomycetes are commonly found inhabiting forest detritus, forest soils, leaf litter, and fallen trees. The vegetative cells survive and spread out in the sub-terranean sphere.

Other important groups of basidiomycetes grow symbiotic with trees in form of mycorrhizae, and there are also various pathogenic species. Determined by environmental factors, such as nutrient availability, temperature and moisture, basidiomycetes switch to a sexual stage, where typical fruiting bodies (pile and hat) are developed. The fruiting body contains the basidiospores, single reproductive cells which are dispersed by wind, rain or insects to form new vegetative mycelium on the new location.