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Genome projects

A raising number of basidiomycete genome projects have been completed in sequencing with gene annotations now ongoing (state of 2011/06/07):

Agaricus bisporus var. bisporus (H97) v2.0

Agaricus bisporus var. burnettii JB137-S8

Auricularia delicata SS-5 v1.0

Ceriporiopsis subvermispora B

Coniophora puteana v1.0

Coprinopsis cinerea

Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii H99

Dacryopinax sp. DJM 731 SSP-1 v1.0

Dichomitus squalens v1.0

Fomitiporia mediterranea v1.0

Fomitopsis pinicola SS1 v1.0

Ganoderma sp. 10597 SS1 v1.0

Gloeophyllum trabeum v1.0

Heterobasidion annosum v2.0

Laccaria bicolor v2.0

Phanerochaete chrysosporium v2.0

Phlebia brevispora HHB-7030 SS6 v1.0

Pleurotus ostreatus PC15 v2.0

Pleurotus ostreatus PC9 v1.0

Postia placenta MAD-698

Punctularia strigosozonata v1.0

Schizophyllum commune v1.0

Serpula lacrymans S7.3 v2.0

Serpula lacrymans S7.9 v1.0

Stereum hirsutum FP-91666 SS1 v1.0

Trametes versicolor v1.0

Tremella mesenterica Fries v1.0

Wolfiporia cocos MD-104 SS10 v1.0

A basidiomycete genome may comprise around 30-million-base pairs and usually 10,000 to 12,000 structural genes. The increasing availability of genome data offers, for the first time, the possibility to track down metabolic traits to the very bottom of biochemistry. Physiology, metabolism, and development can now be investigated on the molecular level. This in turn will spur industrial applications of these organisms.